Ethiopia’s government wants to diversify exports from agricultural products to strategic sectors like textile and garment manufacturing.
Ethiopia’s long history in textiles began in 1939 when the first garment factory was established. Based on Ethiopian country data, in the last 5 to 6 years, the textile, and apparel industry have grown at an average of 51% and more than 65 international textile investment projects have been licensed for foreign investors, during this period.
The growth in the textile industry is directly linked to the Government’s move to set up an industrial development strategy. This step of the Ethiopian Government to prioritize designing incentives and policies to attract investment in view of worldwide competition has played a big role in the development of their economic status.
Textile Chemicals play an important role in these industries. From 2104 on, Merry chemicals is working in the manufacturing and chemical supply for these sectors
Textile Chemicals – Categories and Subcategories: From pretreatment of textile to its finishing, there are various categories and subcategories of textile chemicals :
1. Pretreatment Chemicals
scouring agents, low foam scouring agents, wetting agents, low foam wetting agents, sequestering agents, mercerizing agents, peroxide stabilizers, peroxide killers, neutralizers
2. Textile Dyeing Chemicals
Solubilizes & dispersants, leveling agents, soaping agents, dyeing agents.
- Dyeing & Printing Chemicals
Leveling agents, thickeners, binders, stain removers, anti-back staining agents
- Finishing Chemicals
cationic softeners flakes/ paste, nonionic softeners flakes/ paste, anionic softeners flakes/ paste, reactive softeners, cold water soluble softener flakes
Some of the chemicals for the textile industry supplied by us are:- .
Sodium Hydrosulphite 85%
Sodium hydrosulfite is very effective in bleaching recycled pulp because sodium hydrosulfite is a strong reducing agent and can effectively react with the dyes in the pulp. Also, most recycled furnish usually contains some mechanical pulp that can be bleached by Sodium Hydrosulfite. The bleaching conditions for recycled pulp by Sodium Hydrosulfite are very similar to those for mechanical pulp. If the furnish, such as mixed office waste, contains mainly chemical pulps, significant brightness gain could be achieved by performing a hydrosulfite (Y) stage at a much higher temperature, 80–100°C and at a pH of 7.0.
Widely used in textile industry for vat dyeing, reduction cleaning, printing and stripping, textile bleaching .
- It is also used in bleaching paper pulps, especially mechanical pulps, it’s the most fittable bleaching agent in pulps.
- It is used in bleaching kaolin clay, fur bleaching and reductive whitening, bleaching of bamboo products and straw products,
- It is used in mineral, the compound of thiourea and other sulphides.
- It is used as reducing agent in chemical industry.
- Sodium hydrosulfite food additive grade is used in foodstuffs, as bleaching agent and preservative dried fruits, dried vegetable, vermicelli, glucose, sugar, rock sugar, caramel, candy, liquid glucose, bamboo shoots, mushrooms and canned mushrooms.
Soda Ash Light
Soda ash is an odorless, white powder. It is stable, not toxic or explosive or flammable. Light soda ash, which is widely used as a pH regulator/ buffering agent in multiple industrial processes.
Soda ash, also known as sodium carbonate, has the following use:
- Industrial applications – Being a highly soluble substance, soda ash is used for numerous chemical reactions. It’s mostly used as an ingredient in the manufacture of dyes and coloring agents, synthetic detergents and fertilizers. It’s also an important chemical agent used in enameling and petroleum industries.
- Other applications –
- spa and pool treatment chemicals help in reducing the acidity in water.
- It is also used in manufacturing and sealants and glues, preparing pulp in paper manufacture, and sometimes in soil preparation as well.
- is used to improve and treat the alkalinity of lakes that have been affected by rain.
- is also used to reduce the acidity of emissions being generated from a power plant.
- Many other cleaning products such as dishwashing soaps also contain varying amounts of soda ash in their formulations.
Acetic acid (also known as methane carboxylic acid and ethanoic acid) is a colorless liquid, which has a strong and pungent smell. Since it has a carbon atom in its chemical formula, it is an organic compound. Acetic acid is a main component of vinegar and gives vinegar its characteristic smell. When acetic acid is undiluted it is called glacial acetic acid. Although it is a weak acid, its concentrated form is corrosive and can damage the skin. One important acetic acid/ethanoic acid use is Manufacture of inks and dyes
Acetic Acid in textile industries is mainly used to neutralize the garments from alkaline condition and to control the pH value in wash bath.
Ever wonder why hydrogen peroxide is packaged in a dark container? Because oxygen normally binds with only two hydrogen molecules, hydrogen peroxide is naturally unstable. The addition of a second oxygen molecule means hydrogen peroxide either wants to lose an oxygen molecule or take on additional molecules. This means direct sunlight will alter its chemical formula. However, this instability is contrary to how naturally clean a chemical hydrogen peroxide is. With only four total molecules — H2O2 — this product can be used in varied industries with virtually no environmental impact.
Hydrogen peroxide is commonly used today in the bleaching of textile fibers. It can be used under very different processing conditions depending on fibers and manufacturing process. Hydrogen peroxide in 35% and 50% concentrations is particularly suited to the bleaching of textile fibers (natural or synthetic).
The decomposition products of hydrogen peroxide are oxygen and water, which can reduce water consumption and improve effluent treatment.
Hydrogen peroxide bleaching improves the consistency of dye transfer to the fabric. Cotton bleached with hydrogen peroxide has a stable whiteness, a soft touch and an absorbency that improves the dyeing of the fabric.
Some other industries that use Hydrogen peroxide are
- Food and Beverage Industry
- Home and Industrial Use
With such a wide range of uses, these chemicals will surely benefit your textile company. Order this chemical and many others from Merry Chemicals
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Addis Ababa, Ethiopia